1799 – The End

By the end of 1795, the National Convention once again fell under the control of the Girondins who promptly made a brand new constitution – a bicameral legislature. Executive power was only to be handed over to the Directory (which had just five members) and this Directory was to be appointed only by the Parliament. Heavy protests against the new Constitution from the Jacobins and Royalists were met with army action, under the command of general Napoleon Bonaparte.

During the four years that the Directory stayed in power, the country was ravaged with discontent, financial complications, corruption and inefficiency. By the end of the 18th century, the Directory had come to heavily rely on the military’s might to retain authority. Generals on the field had already amassed enough power in the process and then on November 9th, 1799 Bonaparte staged a coup supported by majority of the army thus finally ending the French revolution in the process. He appointed himself as the first counsul of France – thus, the Napoleonic era began not just in France but through continental Europe.