Louis Cadalvène (1756-1847)

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Louis-Marie Cadelven , after his birth, was born at Versailles December 18, 1756 Jean-Francois Cadelven, bourgeois Versailles and committed to the general farms, from Mèze in the Languedoc, and Marie-Gabrielle Crespe his wife .

baptism of Louis de Cadalvène on December 20, 1756
Her godmother was Marie-Claude de Ville, daughter of François City, Boy of the House of Madame la Dauphine.

Should we see in the job held by the father of the godmother why in 1773, that is to say 17 years old, the young Cadalven was already in possession of the burden of Usher chamber Sir, Count of Provence and King’s brother?

Anyway, the father of this one, Jean-François Cadalven, after first Clerk General Farms, had purchased on his behalf in 1774 a valet charge, also in the house of Mr.

So by the time of the Revolution one could read in the almanac of Monsieur, which is confirmed by authentic patents ( parchment retaining Patents are signed Louis Stanislas Xavier and countersigned by the Duke of Laval by the Duke of Châtre, first gentlemen of the House of Monsieur, the hands of which the parties are sworn):

1 Of the footmen area by
July: Mr. Gros Cadalven in Versailles, and
M. his son in survival.

2. In the ushers of the chamber by quarter
January: Mr. Gros Cadalven son at Versailles, and
M. his father survival.

It may be noted in passing this curious fact: the father and son each with a load close to the elder brother of the king, and each being in possession of a patent it ensures the survival of the burden of another.

Under the Restoration, Louis Marie de Cadalven says:

“From my earliest youth attached to the service of His Majesty (the Comte de Provence had become Louis XVIII) as an usher of the room, and destitute by the loss of two charges remained without reimbursement by the departure of the royal family I solicited and obtained a place of commissary. ”

Elsewhere he says “have been fortunate enough to have particularly proven SM my devotion in very difficult times in 1792, I gave new evidence to the unfortunate August 10 doing my duty at the Tuileries”

Elsewhere he says have taken refuge in the army, the great age of his father being an obstacle to what he rejoined his majesty.

What is certain is that he managed to escape from the Tuileries and thanks to the protection of the learned Monge, Minister, was appointed as of October 16, 1792 Commissioner Wars Aude department. Alongside his application we find this statement: ” Madam Monge takes a keen interest in this application. ” – He was then almost 36 years …

In support of his application, he provided a certificate from the National Guard of Versailles, where he lived “with his father, Boulevard onetime Queen, 8” , dated October 9, 1792.

An information sheet concerning established in 1794 indicates as service before being appointed commissioner: Student for Engineering, National Guard, used the office of Posts of Paris, and under “parental occupation before and since the Revolution”: ” clerk farms, today working with the counting of national libraries “…

We are now informed about services, declared or undeclared, of Cadalvène Louis and his family before his appointment October 16, 1792 as Commissioner of the Wars of the Department of Aude. This assignment him away from Paris when the stay in the capital was made difficult and dangerous for those ancient servants of the royal family.

Upon his arrival in Carcassonne, he demonstrated zeal for organizing services and military establishments of that place as well as those of the place Narbonne. It was also to establish the mass uprising of the department of Aude and knew how to appreciate its leaders and civil authorities.

It seems he also quickly made to see the local company because it was getting married when, in September 1793, he was assigned to the Pyrenean army that had invaded the Spanish Cerdagne, under the orders of Dugommier .

October 1, 1793, he arrived in Puycerda and by order of the people’s representatives, on 18 Ventose Year II, he was appointed Commissioner Officer in Chief of the Division Montlibre (Mont Louis) and neighboring places.

Here is what its about the officer in chief of the army of the Pyrenees Orientales:

“The Chief Steward certifies that the Cadalven citizen commissary of Montlibre Division, arrived in the Spanish Cerdagne during the first moments of the conquest of that country, has created homes, barracks, facilities for food, fodder, timber and lights, military transport, and organized all the necessary services for this division of the army entrusted to his administration, that despite localities and snow that often intercepted the passages, he has left nothing to be desired in the service it during movements and shipments were given proof of his zeal and his activity and his administrative skills by providing general, despite the general shortage of resources, it was necessary to put the army to even walk to the enemy, that successive illnesses they suffered Puycerda are the result of a painful and persistent work and that make in every respect I have only praise for him .
Figueres, the headquarters on 15 Pluviose third year of the French Republic, one and indivisible (3 February 1795) Chief Officer: Probst. ”

These rave ratings confirmed those already gave him 22 Fructidor Year II commander of the Division:

“He conducted himself with all the zeal and activity possible, it has stopped giving citizenship and evidence he gave all the necessary care to supply Campredon and retirement that took place he constantly kept his job.
General Charlet Division. ”

Similarly, General Dugommier, army commander noted it as follows:

“Badly wounded, the officer, by his zeal and activity, saved from starvation army of Catalonia (army said” the Centre “, or Montlibre Division) hemmed side and Campredon Ripoli.”

Elsewhere we find the following notes:

“This officer made during this campaign important services to the army especially in shipping and Campredon Ripoli, during which his foresight saved the Army of famine which reduced the party that the enemy had adopted destroy all retiring. ”

Having mentioned these laudatory notes, necessary to tell that the residence of the Commissioner authorizing Cadalven the division Montlibre has not been easy and without incident.

Dated from the year II, we have several letters written by the father Cadalven War Minister to ask his son to be sent on leave for health, shattered by the harsh climate. Some applications put forward he would see his son get close to him who still lives Versailles and if possible to assign to the Normandy army.

All these requests are supported, plus medical certificates by citizenship certificates issued by municipalities, especially that of Carcassonne, and the popular society Sans-Culottes and Montagnards sitting up in Montlibre the thirtieth day of Pluviose Year II ( February 18, 1791).

The 1793-1794 winter spent in the mountains had indeed seriously tested our commissary when he made party in Prairial (May-June 1794) of the expedition carried on Campredon and Ripoli.

During the operations, he was overthrown in a ravine by his horse with a bullet: it was the bottom of the cut face, four broken incisor teeth and leg pain that made him suffer long. In addition, papers and all his baggage fell into a precipice with the mule that carried them, a record of that loss was given but the claim that followed did not seem to have received satisfaction.

The retreat which ended by shipping Campredon was not done without damage and without disorder amid raised populations. A witness certifies that indeed “the commissioner Cadalven remained last with him Campredon, he was in pursuit of different employees administrations to stop, that that could not achieve it rejoined the troop bivouac at 9 pm on 2 Messidor year II (June 20, 1794) ”

As a reward for his efforts and energy deployed vis-a-vis his subordinates, he was, by the effect of a false accusation, suspended from office on 30 Vendemiaire year III (21 October 1794) by the representative Delbret of people who sought responsible for the state of anarchy in which the army was located after 9 Thermidor. He claims somewhere that had been denounced as a royalist.

But his misfortune did not last long because the 18 Nivose (January 7, 1795) he was reinstated and the chief commissary could write to the citizens and the Commission Member of the Administration component of the Army:

“In my letter of 6th Brumaire, I informed you of the suspension of Commissioner Cadalven, authorizing the Montlibre Division, the representative of Delbret people, and I’ve sent you the order in. I am announcing today pleasure that the best informed officials lifted the suspension and made it to his duties; I send you a copy of their order to that effect and brotherhood Hi Signed:… Probst ”

If so, in early 1795 the Commissioner authorizing the Montlibre Division had received compensation and deserved its leaders commendations notes reproduced above, his health was nevertheless shaken by another winter spent in the mountain while he was trying to cope, through hard work, a situation which, we know, had become inextricable (Fervel 1793 campaigns, in 1794 and 1795 in the Pyrenees Orientales.).

We then see the demand for both marry that due to a fever that he caught bivouacing on snow and often deprived him of the use of the left arm, an officer positioned inside instead of that of Montlibre, the temperature of this country it is absolutely contrary and having experienced several diseases Puycerda.

Reinstated in his job in Carcassonne, he finally got off to Versailles, where his father was dying, to enable him to restore his health exhausted by the effect of a serious illness. He repeatedly asked for extensions alleging addition he is still suffering, as a family business, whose fortune depends, are not complete. Indeed, arriving at Versailles he found his father died and the seals placed at home, his business in the most deplorable condition and surprised testament to his religion in his last moments. It observes that it’s missing as of 25 Pluviose Year IV (14 February 1796) that some legal forms and to cancel this will enable him to sell the little he has, then go and settle in Midi where his residence is stopped. He is eager to leave Versailles, a ruinous country where he has no parents, to go to Carcassonne where his taste for the service attracts.

And indeed, everyone claims the Carcassonne to both his superiors that the Prefect, the Municipality and perhaps also that he wants to marry.

The feelings we have for him are summarized in the notes to his superior, the authorizing officer of the 10th Division:

“The Cadalven citizen has talent, wit, good character and enjoys public esteem. 25 Frimaire Year IV (19 December 1795). Signed Doni.”

So the commissioner of wars Cadalven back to Carcassonne to the satisfaction of all and it is going to get married.

So when in 1797 his superiors want him to reside in Narbonne instead of Carcassonne everyone involved.

After delayed his departure as possible, he finally comply but soon everyone is working to get him back. It does not take long to return to Carcassonne where the notes of his record for the year VII thus expressed:

“Has the ability, a good education, the right spirit, integrity and patriotism.”

He seems to have passed without incident in the early years of the century. But in July 1808 has yet to leave his beloved city of Carcassonne. Napoleon was at war with Spain, it was a corps of observation and the service staff were taken to the nearest area of operations. Thus Commissioner Cadalven is assigned to the 3rd Division of the Pyrenees Orientales Observation Corps commanded by General Reille.

But it was written that this region of the Pyrenees was not to be favorable to him.

Here in effect as of July 21, 1808 the officers of the 29th Regiment of Mounted Rifles which “certify that the Commissioner Cadalven Wars has lost its crews fallen into the hands of the Spaniards and was reached among them to two bullets in his left hand and his horse was killed under him in Catalonia, near the Cammagne bridge (before Figueres) “.

Then the date of 22 July, that is to say the next day, there is a person’s letter, dated Fort Figueres:

“Cadalven, Commissioner Wars of the Aude department, temporarily seconded to the Army of the Pyrenees Orientales, Mr. General Reille Division Aide de Camp of His Imperial and Royal Majesty.

Mr. General,
you know it is well known that in the day yesterday, I was abducted by the rebels, following the deal that took place, all my luggage consisting namely: a new car three horses, including two killed on the battlefield and the third died twenty four hours after my arrival at the fort, a full linen cow nine and all the accessories to reside in Perpignan for a few months, destination changed by your orders I hastened to execute uniform buckle and silver sword wallet containing my papers, a full scholarship 20 gold Napoleons, a large bundle of papers etc … ”

He thinks all the more entitled to seek compensation he was hit by a shot in the hand.

On July 28, it is noted as incapable of doing any service as a result of his injury and the subsequent shock. Also on August 14, Bellegarde where he was evacuated, the Cadalven Commissioner, injured and exhausted, asked to ” go home, Carcassonne “; he complains of continued fever, pain and swelling of the leg, two fingers paralyzing immobility of the movements to the elbow and he renewed his request for reimbursement of his horses and crews still in the hands of the enemy.

But the news has already succeeded in Carcassonne and we immediately use to get him back.

On August 19, the prefect of the department of Aude, request the Minister to Mr. Cadalven, whose post was vacant in Carcassonne, it returns:

“He went to death, it is only wounded, his health was already very weak when he went to the army, it was completely ruined by fatigue of the day when he was injured, he will long out of status to active service, especially in the mountains. ”

Asking sending a Commissioner of War in Carcassonne, he asks Mr. preferably Cadalven:

“Good intentions that drive this military zeal he brings in the exercise of its functions, the harmony that has always prevailed in our relations are to me strong motives to desire Signed:.. Found”

Satisfaction was given to the prefect of the Aude and the Commissioner Cadalven which is again assigned to Carcassonne. But, curiously enough, just arrived, he asked to leave the armed once it is cured, because having already officer he desires authorizing deserve this grade which has already served in 93 and 94.

This request seems to have been renewed, health, moreover, opposing it. A certificate of health officers Carcassonne hospital notes at that time the continual embarrassment of state and often unable to use his left arm as a result of his injury, knee pain and left leg caused by the fall that followed and that resisted all treatments Dax waters or Rennes.

However, the necessities of war will force Spain to send once again the Commissioner Cadalven to Narbonne. Immediately steps are made for him to stay in Carcassonne: the municipality, the Minister Dejean brother, General Guillet, commander of the department of Aude, Lacuée, State Councillor, the prefect Barante, etc … so that, by decision of 12 April 1810, the Minister shall enter the Cadalven commissioner from Narbonne to Carcassonne it will never leave before the end of his military career.

The morality of these various movements is taken by the author of the note:

“Cadalven Commissioner holder: good commissary, in a place that should not leave the place where it is and can stay there.” – Toulouse, July 31, 1810, signed: Count Chabau.

Since that date until the fall of the empire it seems like happy people, Cadalven the commissioner did not have history. Set in the town where he is married to Pauline Demoiselle Thoron Jacquette, born in 1775 and considered a large family, he leads a very little military presence for the time, heal rheumatism and is responsible for education his children:

Jules Charles Anthony, born October 6, 1798

Edouard Pierre Marie, born August 24, 1799

Maxime Louis Germain, born November 8, 1800 (died in infancy)

Pauline Julie Sabine, born March 17, 1811.

But we will see back stage during the return of Bourbon. In fact, from April 26, 1814, by a letter with the heading “Cadalven Commissioner Wars of the Aude department, fesant according to Deputy Inspector magazines – His Excellency the Minister of War” , he sends his personal and enthusiastic support to the new Government: it expresses “its deep gladness and the extent of the happiness he feels to express, my lord, oh what expression could paint my drunkenness, my love, no, this should be create. Heaven has granted my wishes, descendants of Henri IV and Saint Louis we visited. Long live Louis XVIII! ” and he signs as before the Revolution, Gros Cadalven.

In a postscript he added:

“Attached from my youth in the person of His Majesty, you are right that I beg you to grant me leave to go to my Roy” .

Following this request, it will be given a two-month leave, but not seeing him get off as quickly as he had wished he writes again, saying:

“Since my early youth attached to SM as an usher and filled the House and my father for his kindness, I was perhaps of all those who were fortunate enough to get close to SM find myself the only one his arrival would be deprived of that enjoyment at once so sweet and so strong to express to him if it is possible what is going on in my heart. ”

This request is supported by a letter from the Marquis of Vernon to Count Dupont, Minister of War.

Upon his arrival in Paris, he began his efforts to take the new situation the best possible use. First he obtained for himself and his two son of Jules and Edouard, aged just 16 and 15 years, the decoration of the Lys dated Patent of the July 30, 1814 were signed the Duke of Pienne, first gentleman of the King’s room and addressed to “Mr. Gros Cadalven, Commissioner Wars of the Aude department, Deputy Inspector to journals and former bailiff of the King’s House.”

Then, in a letter dated 1 August 1814, by which it asked the Minister the Cross of St. Louis, it exposes the securities which it believes to have to state:

“I’m one of the oldest Commissioners Wars, from my earliest youth attached to the service of His Majesty as a bailiff of the House, and destitute by the loss of two charges remained without reimbursement by the departure of the Royal Family I obtained a place of Commissioner Wars.

In 1793, I completed the authorizing officer in Spain and one I organized everything necessary to prepare for war and support, I have known the dangers and I have been looted.

I was injured in 1808 in a long and bloody affair in Spain, my horse was reached under me several shots which he died. I was then in charge of the direction of the 3rd Army Corps. I constantly met the Deputy Inspector duties journals since 22 Ventose, year XII, when I was appointed to exercise cumulatively with those of Commissioner Wars. Returning from the army and because of my injury and illness, I have sufficed alone in the Aude department in 1813 and 1814 despite the considerable movement of troops as serving the military administration to that of Sub-inspection, even during the stay Messrs armies of the Marshals Duke of Albufera and Duke of Dalmatia. Your Excellency has in its original offices of parts that prove the degree of confidence that gave me MM. General Dugommier, Dagobert and Charlet, ideal bearer those who attest my injury documents sent in 1811 in support of an application for admission in the Legion of Honor and in support of an application for compensation awarded by decision of 9 March 1812, but not paid. ”

This is communicated by the Commissioner officer of the 10th Division:

“I confirm the facts presented by the letter from Mr. Cadalven and I hasten to bring justice to the talents, the zeal and dedication of this commissary provided evidence multiplied. Mr. Cadalven is also distinguished by its personal qualities, by an exact honesty, he deserves anyway the distinction he seeks Signed:.. Knight Head-to-good ”

Following these steps, by decision of 23 August 1814, he remained on the board of activity as Commissioner of first class wars.

For the period following the return of Bourbon, there is the Ministry of War many letters signed Cadalven sometimes, sometimes wholesale Cadalven.

On 1 October, to Paris where he is still at the Hotel de France, rue Coq Heron, he requested a leave extension because the King has not yet announced the organization of his house and because the interests a family ruined by the Revolution demanded his presence in Paris. He would like a load he had once near SM passes to his children.

On October 30, it has yet to extend her leave for the same reasons – and these are repeated requests for the Cross of St. Louis.

Party in May to Paris, he is still in December 1814, but it is claimed to Carcassonne and he has to decide to return. March 2, 1815, he demanded again the Legion of Honor, always apostille by Commissioner officer of the 10th Division, the Knight Head-to-good.

The return of Napoleon during the Hundred Days is our Commissioner Wars a real disaster.

April 21, 1815, he was denounced by the Minister General Chartrand as “distinguished royalist, who for 20 years performs the same functions in Carcassonne, his depravities have done much harm to Her Majesty, it should be replaced.”

He is summoned to Paris to account for his conduct, it revokes its service letters because of his political principles and was replaced in his job. We will see later how he explains the events that occurred and motivated his disgrace, but until he does his best to try to regain his place. On May 15, it begs the commissioner officer of the 10th Division to achieve its maintenance in Carcassonne: he could not event get him more disastrous in regard to the health of his wife, of his own, of education his children, and its properties to be abandoned not leased. He apostillise request, signed Cadalven by Count Maurice Mathieu, commander of the 10th Division, and June 22, it is made available to the authorizing officer of the 1st Division.

Then came the second abdication and the return of Louis XVIII. Our commissary does not waste time. From 13 July he wrote:

“Denounced as a royalist by General Chartrand, I received the order to deliver the service department of Aude which was entrusted to me and I get to Paris I’m sick; I ask your justice to be reinstated in my home, where I boast to have won the general esteem. ”

Then, without stopping, on 26 July, he claims again the Legion of Honor, always supported by the Knight’s Head-to-good, commissary. This is the same date of July 26, 1815 he was reinstated in Carcassonne.

Meanwhile, the order of 1 August 1815 on the reorganization of the army brings our commissary to fear the loss of his situation; he immediately took up his pen. On August 10 he demands justice minister to be retained in the new organization and with progress in the most approximate radius of the residence of Her Majesty. Then he insists try to maintain at least its present function and avoid retirement “because of her, he said, depends on the existence of family, non-rebated he had his Majesty by his whole fortune . ”

Failing progress he asks the Duke of Angoulême to stay put.

Finally, seeing his chances of being retained in service decrease each day, December 15, 1815 he wrote that if we can not keep his place he asked a deputy up to his eldest son:

“For over three years he worked with advantage in my office although being older than age 19 ½ (d after the birth of Jules date Cadalven, he had actually turned 18 ) , he has the size and keeping a man of 25, he is known by a refined character and always professed according to the principles of his father and of his family, he proved especially since the return of his sovereign. ”

To this end he gives a review of 500 pounds for campaign input gratification where he lost everything. He thinks back to the time when the charges obtained in survival and relies several times at that time on the protection of the Duke of Angoulême, which it was presented by the Earl of Damascus, on the proposal of the Marquis of Vernon .

This presentation to the Duke of Angoulême appears to have occurred Nov. 11, 1815 during the trip that he made in the South:

“At night, the circle that HRH wanted to admit the Company, my wife felt obliged to thank the Prince of the promise he had been kind to me in the morning HRH consented to meet him. Oh, yes, ma’am, I remember very well, I promised him and believe that I will keep her word. ”

But promises of princes are fragile things and, because of his age (he was in his sixtieth year), his request could not be accepted and he was retired at the date of 1 January 1816.

Similarly, the request it made to get her son a deputy instead seems to have been more successful. But he is not discouraged for it and effective February 20, 1816 application to the Minister for that son a sub-lieutenant in the Dragons of Hérault:

Carcassonne, February 20, 1816

My lord,

My eldest son, Charles Anthony Julius, second lieutenant in the Régiment de Languedoc, claims the favor of Your Excellency that your letters promise him the 11 and 19 December, with the officers of the regiment are allowed in the Hérault Dragons and form the core.

My son, my lord, born amid the political storms, has stopped hearing about him expressions of love for his legitimate King and indignation to the usurper government. He received lesson for facts to support advice and knew his father, owner of two charges bailiff His Majesty was the small number of those to August 10 were able to escape at the Tuileries, they did their duty of loyal subjects, that in April he was dismissed by the usurper for refusing to General Chartrand, too known in the South, to go to the head of the garrison to swear in his rebellious master and participate in its proclamation and he refused a service letter that came to him to be used in Paris.

My son, my Lord, nourished by his love for Roy, seized the first opportunity that presented itself to defend such a great cause as the legitimacy of Bourbon; he got to be part of the Languedoc Regiment at that time so glorious for SM faithful where it was not by sterile vows, though fervent, he had to prove his devotion, but by energetic actions. Given these conditions, my lord, please fill the wishes of my son and his family by granting him patent lieutenant in the Dragons of Herault, in the regiment whose officers look like a claim to fame at the time which was formed from the Languedoc, where they began their military careers.

I would present my old songs and my devotion to the King, countersigned in referrals and recommendations was willing to HRH the Duke of Angoulême, despite my years of service, I should make an exception, if possible, to Roy’s order of 1 August and responses Your Excellency was pleased when, on February 15 informed that His Majesty had deigned to accommodate my low offer of 500 francs and she saw with pleasure this new evidence my dedication to her service.

I am with respect, Sir, Your Excellency’s most humble and obedient servant.

Wholesale Cadalven
Commissioner retired Wars since the order of His Majesty from 1 August. ”

The application mentions numerous recommendations, particularly those of the touring cavalry inspector in the south, Lieutenant General of La Mothe (Paultre Vicomte de la Mothe, including Island of Cadalvene – son of the commissioner – the parent married in 1844 ), colonel of cavalry Languedoc Borie Ventimiglia, Count Partouneaux, Count Maurice Mathieu of Redorte.

The father repeated this request several times and stressed that fact that he never received any thanks – it reports its services and those of his parents since 1686, either in the King’s Guards, is in line and it lists:

In 1696, Lieutenant in the Royal Roussillon

In 1698, April 8, Lieutenant in the regiment of the Queen

In 1701, 1 May, Lieutenant in the Regiment Oléron

In 1702, April 15, Captain in Royal Picardie

In 1706, Cornette in the Carabinieri

In 1717, Lieutenant in the Carabinieri

In 1745, the King Bodyguard Company Harcourt Bridge Brigade.

Demand for the month of August 1816 is as follows countersigned by the Field Marshal, Commander the department of Aude, Baron Viomenil:

“To welcome this request would reward both the services of the father and those that the son went to the royal cause in the Chasseurs of Languedoc, where he had been admitted as a Second Lieutenant, knowing the good feelings and dedication of M . Cadalven son whose family is recommendable in every respect, I have to report back to SE as worthy of his kindness.
Carcassonne, August 3, 1816.

These efforts were unsuccessful, they were renewed in 1818, but then the time we got loads of support was passed and the young candidate opposed the new regulation which required to be appointed lieutenant, 4 years service, including two as NCO. He could not therefore get his sub-lieutenant although Count Fournier Sarlovèze, inspector general of the cavalry was well noted:

“I have examined this young officer and I find that after the education he received, his physique and his military inclinations, it is suitable for light cavalry. For this reason and in consideration of the rights father of service and dedication son have acquired the King’s kindness, I beg to propose Mr. Jules Gros Cadalven for a job of lieutenant in the Hunters on horseback. ”

The recommendation of Barthe la Bastide, MP of the Aude, the Marquis de Puivert and even a petition supported by the Duke of Angoulême had no effect and when the young man would later know his service was sent to him extract following:

Extract of the names of Hunters Regiment mounted officers of the Languedoc sent in February 1816

“Mr. Cadalven of provisional lieutenant in the army of the Drôme, joined one of the first gathering in Beziers. HRH the Duke of Angouleme appointed him lieutenant in the Chasseurs of Languedoc. He leads to this day so as to give the most beautiful hopes, his political conduct is above his age. ”

The original judgment which ends the extract to report because the applicant, born in 1798, was only 17 years old.

But if the minister did not satisfy the demand of the son, meanwhile, to calm the father, who always asked to be reinstated despite his age, the Duke of Feltre, Minister of War, had lead his request for Knight’s Cross of St. Louis, he received January 29, 1817 from the hands of the Duke of Châtre, first gentleman of the Chambre du Roy, whose hands he had sworn before the Revolution.

He lived at that time in Paris, 10, rue des Prouvaires.

While attending to cram his eldest son, the commissary, now retired, did not forget to assert his title to a reward, and it is dated 1816, several requests for the Legion of honor or the Cross of St. Louis. There is even, as of September 19, 1816, a request for a place of sub-prefect to Mr Melcion of Arc.

It is likely that the steps taken did not stop there, but if we do not know them all, at least we can see the results:

In 1821, Louis Gros Cadalven appears in the Almanac of the Court with the title he once had in the Almanac to Monsieur, that is to say, as Usher of the Chambre du Roy.

Then an office holder to the Court which was also the recognition of charges that he had acquired before the Revolution, the new Usher of the King’s Chamber wished to obtain the consecration by obtaining letters . acclaim following what were the letters exchanged on this subject between the Chancellery and the Ministry of War:

August 14, 1820:

“A request acclaim has been presented by Mr. Gros Cadalven of Louis Marie, former commissary and commissioner of retirement in wars. I appeal to Your Excellency, the Marquis, to know what was in both places the conduct of the petitioner, which services can be delivered, what devotion he showed to what degree of esteem and respect he enjoyed, and finally what are the real causes of his retirement that took place in 1816, etc … Signed:. Count Pastoret ”


“M.de Cadalven entered the service as commissary October 16, 1792 and has always served in that capacity until 1 January 1816, when he was retired because of his advanced age (60 years) under the provisions of the order of 1 August 1815. He made three campaigns. It is reached the War Department that favorable information on Mr. de Cadalven throughout the course of his career. He declined in 1815 oath to Bonaparte and was removed from office in the Aude department for its attachment to the cause of the King. in advance had been bailiff of the House of the King before the Revolution and had given August 10, evidence of its dedication. Mr. Knight is Cadalven of St. Louis and I believe him worthy in every way to obtain new favor he seeks. ”

This time the wait for Mr. Cadalven was short-lived: by letters patent of February 15, 1821, the King, wishing to give him a mark of kindness and because of the services rendered, decorating the title of Noble and allows to qualify squire.

The arms that are granted to it by the same Letters Patent are a greyhound as a symbol of fidelity which he has always shown vis-à-vis its king. They are stated as follows:

Argent a chevron Gules, accompanied in chief two oak trees uprooted Vert and in base a greyhound running sand collected azure curly gold, the head lowered and wavy azure three mollettes of gold.

Arms of Cadalvene

July 21, 1822, new letters patent awarded him the title of Knight inherited with the same regulation arms.

However, the pride of the new Knight was not satisfied since remained to get the Cross of the Legion of Honour which he thought he had long since right.

There are the archives of the Ministry of War while a record of the successive requests. September 17, 1811, in a letter to the Department Director of Administration of War, asking him to get him the decoration of the Legion of Honor, he lists his services and send the certificate of the officers of the 29th regiment of hunters horse recounting his conduct and injury on July 21, 1808, and a certificate of Carcassonne hospital health officer declaring his state of health following the campaign.

In 1815 he sent two new applications, one on March 2 before the Hundred Days, and immediately after, on 26 July the same year.

In a petition addressed in 1821 for the same reason, it lists its shares by invoking some new reasons:

Commissioner Wars, commissary Acting Deputy Inspector to 1792 journals and 1816 without interruption

Previously registered in the Gendarmes of the King’s Guard,

Commissary in 1794, overturned in a ravine by his horse with a bullet, lower part of the cut face, four broken incisors,

Cross was requested by me as deserved since the creation of the Order; I notice and letter from the Chancellor of Lacépède;

In 1808 (July 21), my horse was killed under me, riddled with shots, I was wounded in the arm and hand;

I was raised in May 1821 the first state to be presented to the King.

We were given the Legion of Honour to the young people he trained, and not having this decoration is obliged to pay thousand francs a year for the education of his daughter in Saint-Denis, unable request free.

In July 1824 new application for the Legion of Honor in which he particularly said:

“Reinstated by HRH the Duke of Angoulême in his first spell in the south, a second visit of the Duke of Angoulême, SAR, to which I had the honor of being presented as well as my family wanted to give much praise my conduct and to promise his kindness and protection – after so many titles I was advised to pay support for my daughter to the royal house of St. Denis and I pay for several years, despite significant losses, not up, decorating mistake, ask a free seat – my other children are also unemployed.

So calling your justice, my Lord, and it will be a double grace and even more precious than my age, can one moment to another miss my daughter aged 14, and deprived of his mother, education of this poor orphan would be ensured after me.

Signed: The Knight Cadalvene, rue de l’Odeon, 35. ”

This time, it is the Officer of the House of King who has just received evidence of the favor of the sovereign who makes the case much more than the former military. It is in place, as does he shortly receive satisfaction – and 23 May 1825, signed the patent Macdonald, Minister of War, who called the Knight of the Legion of Honor, he is appointed: Mr de Cadalven, Usher of the King’s Chamber. His military titles, there is no question and Marshal Macdonald, Duke of Taranto, notify his appointment the Duke of Aumont, first gentleman of the King’s Chamber, which will be responsible for receiving the Knight of the Royal Order Legion of Honor.

So, now aged 69, who obtained the various distinctions that he could, it seems, claim the new decorated was now able to engrave on his plate, beneath his arms stamped with a knight helmet insignia decorating the Lys, the Cross of St. Louis and of the Legion of Honor. What he did not fail to do.

Around the same time, another satisfaction before him: May 29, 1825, it appears the coronation of the new king in the exercise of its functions to its bailiff charge of the House and receives a souvenir bright blown out of proportion with a medallion bearing the words, ” given by the King, Rheims, 29 May 1825. ”

But the former officer would still die before ordering up to its name we saw varied numerous times over the pages. As January 22, 1827, Mr. Louis-Marie Knight Cadalvene, Esquire, Knight of St. Louis and of the Legion of Honor, Officer of the King’s Chamber, residing in Paris, rue de l’Odéon, No. 35, presents the President of the court of First Instance sitting up in Versailles in the birth of the exhibitor, his fathers and children, as well as his titles of nobility and other acts establishing his state and his family, exists on the spelling of his surname of Cadalvene errors and variations that it is their interest to reform.

In a lengthy statement, he says that the real way to write his name is “of Cadalvène” and all other ways of writing the name is incorrect.

It follows from the documents produced that the applicant’s real name is “of Cadalvène”, the Tribunal orders that the acts of the State-Civil concerning the applicant and his family are corrected accordingly.

One thing though still close to his heart, was to ensure that a child of the survival of the Bailiff charge the King’s Chamber in which he had been reinstated – on this side as it was granted and if, in the Royal Almanac of 1828, we see even among the officers of the House of the knight Cadalvène in 1829 and 1830 he was replaced by Cadalvène son.
it was his second son Edward, who succeeded him in office.

So having put in order all his affairs, the Chevalier de Cadalvène, aged 70, had to wait for death with serenity. He waited twenty years and died in Paris aged 90, in January 1847 shortly before his two son in the grave.

Jules CadalvèneHis eldest son Jules, who had succeeded his younger brother as Director of French Post in Constantinople, died of a fall of horse in 1852. He left three successive marriages three daughters whose descendants still exist and two that died without son posterity.

Edouard de CadalvèneThe second son, Edward, Egyptologist and distinguished numismatist, Director of French Post of Constantinople, it fell seriously ill and had to return to France in 1848; he died in Paris, also in 1852, leaving a daughter, whose descendants still exists.

In 1847, he had married his daughter Pauline, a Parisian stockbroker who was ruined by the Revolution in 1848.

With Hubert Cadalvène, his little son, who died in Lyon in 1918, died on behalf of Cadalvène and the male descendants of the former Commissioner of the wars that had given this name its final form and that, through his work conscientious, loyal to its services and its persistent obstinacy, had plumed his best.

General Lambert-Daverdoingt – 1934

Categories: People

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